Rare and catastrophic events can be regarded as extreme-magnitude instances of more mundane phenomena

Aug 18 09:05 [raw]

In many cases, rare and catastrophic events can be regarded as extreme-magnitude instances of more mundane phenomena. For example, seismic activity, stock market fluctuations, and acts of organized violence all occur along a continuum of extremity, with more extreme-magnitude cases being statistically infrequent. Therefore, rather than viewing rare event data as its own class of information, data concerning “rare” events often exists as a subset of data within a broader parent event class (e.g., a seismic activity data set would include instances of extreme earthquakes, as well as data on much lower-intensity seismic events). The following is a list of data sets focusing on domains that are of broad scholarly and policy interest, and where “rare” (extreme-magnitude) cases may be of particularly keen interest due to their potentially devastating consequences. Descriptions of the data sets are extracted from the source websites or providers. Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS) Comprehensive Earthquake Catalog (ComCat) https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/search/ The ANSS Comprehensive Catalog (ComCat) contains earthquake source parameters (e.g. hypocenters, magnitudes, phase picks and amplitudes) and other products (e.g. moment tensor solutions, macroseismic information, tectonic summaries, maps) produced by contributing seismic networks. Armed Conflict Database https://acd.iiss.org/ The Armed Conflict Database (ACD) monitors armed conflicts worldwide, focusing on political, military and humanitarian trends in current conflicts, whether they are local rebellions, long-term insurgencies, civil wars or inter-state conflicts. In addition to the comprehensive historical background for each conflict, the weekly timelines and the monthly updates, the statistics, data and reports in the ACD date back to 1997. Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project http://www.acleddata.com/data/ The Armed Conflict data set covers events occurring in Africa from 1997 to present. This data set includes the event date, longitude, latitude, and fatality magnitude scale. Aviation Safety Database http://aviation-safety.net/database/ The Aviation Safety Database covers aviation safety incidents around the world. Every incident reports the location of the incident, the departing and arriving airports, number of fatalities and type of Airplane involved in the incident. Dartmouth Flood Observatory http://floodobservatory.colorado.edu/ Dartmouth Flood Observatory uses “Space-based Measurement and Modeling of Surface Water” to track floods and uses news reporting to validate the results. This data set includes the country, start date, end date, affected square km, and cause of the flood. Additionally, this data set includes many magnitude scales, such as: dead, displaced, severity, damage, and flood magnitude. Database of Radiological Incidents and Related Events http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/nuclear/radevents/ The Database of Radiological Incidents and Related Events covers events that resulted in acute radiation exposures to humans sufficient enough to cause casualties. The database includes the date, location, number of deaths, number of injuries and highest radiation dose recorded. Dow Jones Averages http://www.djaverages.com/?go=industrial-index-data Dow Jones Averages includes data and information on some of the world's most renowned and widely cited market indexes. Here you'll find rich historical data, robust analytical tools and exclusive educational content on the Dow Jones Industrial Average and a host of related indices. FluView http://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/fluview/fluportaldashboard.html FluView is produced by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and provides weekly influenza surveillance information in the United States by census area and includes the number of people tested and number of positive cases. FAOSTAT (Famine) http://faostat.fao.org/ The FAOSTAT data set was developed by the Statistics Division of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It is an active, global data set that covers famine events from 1990–2013. Global Health Atlas http://apps.who.int/globalatlas/default.asp The Global Health Atlas contains data on four communicable diseases: Cholera, Influenza, Polio, and Yellow Fever. It is an active, global data set that covers number of cases and fatalities due to these infectious diseases. Global Volcanism Program http://www.volcano.si.edu/search_eruption.cfm “Volcanoes of the World is a database describing the physical characteristics of volcanoes and their eruptions.” The data contain a start date, end date, volcano name (which can be used to look up the location) and VEI magnitude scale. International Disaster Database http://www.emdat.be/ EM-DAT contains essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present. The database is compiled from various sources, including UN agencies, non-governmental organizations, insurance companies, research institutes and press agencies. Major Episodes of Political Violence http://www.systemicpeace.org/inscrdata.html The Major Episodes of Political Violence data set is part of a larger armed conflict database produced by the Center for Systemic Peace. Political Violence data include annual, cross-national, time-series data on interstate, societal, and communal warfare magnitude scores (independence, interstate, ethnic, and civil; violence and warfare) for all countries. Militarized Interstate Disputes https://web.archive.org/web/20141219135756/http://www.correlatesofwar.org/COW2%20Data/MIDs/MID40.html The Militarized Interstate Disputes (MID) data set “provides information about conflicts in which one or more states threaten, display, or use force against one or more other states between 1816 and 2010.” NOAA Natural Hazards http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/ The Natural Hazards dataset is part of the National Geophysical Data Center run by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The National Geophysical Data Center archives and assimilates tsunami, earthquake and volcano data to support research, planning, response and mitigation. Long-term data, including photographs, can be used to establish the history of natural hazard occurrences and help mitigate against future events. Political Instability Task Force (PITF) State Failure Problem Set, 1955–2013 http://www.systemicpeace.org/inscrdata.html The Political Instability Task Force (PITF), State Failure Problem Set is part of a larger armed conflict database produced by the Center for Systemic Peace from open source data. Data in PITF are available on various subsets: ethnic war, revolutionary war, adverse regime change, and genocide or politicide. Rand Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents https://www.rand.org/nsrd/projects/terrorism-incidents.html The Rand Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents data set covers terrorism incidents worldwide from 1968 through 2009 but is not currently active. The data set includes a date, location (city, country), perpetrator, detailed description, and number of injuries and fatalities. U.S. National Flood Insurance Program http://www.fema.gov/policy-claim-statistics-flood-insurance/policy-claim-statistics-flood-insurance/policy-claim-13 The U.S. National Flood Insurance Program data set contains a data table detailing flooding events with 1,500 or more paid losses from 1978 to the current month and year. The table includes the name and year of the event, the number of paid losses, the total amount paid and the average payment per loss.

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